Question: Young male cows have their testicles removed surgically with a scalpel, thier spermatic cords crushed with a clamp, or the blood flow to their scrotum constricted until the testicles die and fall off. What is the reasoning behind castration of young male calves?
Question: Dairy cows are fed antibiotics to prevent disease and increase feed efficiency. Antibiotic residues persist in milk and other dairy products despite protocols aimed to minimize this. What negative effect does this have on the consumers?